The heart of Sukhum is its waterfront. Before the Revolution it was...
Mineral waters of Abkhazia
Mineral waters of Abkhazia
Drinking mineral waters are groundwaters, waters from melted snow or artificial waters, comprise saline and compositions of matter. In contrast to pure drinking water mineral water has the high level of salinity.
Auadkhara mineral water rises in the resort of Auadkhara, which is located in Gudauta district on the south slope of the Main mountain range of the Great Caucasus. A picturesque valley of the Auadkhara River, surrounded by mountains, is at a height of a 1650 m above sea level, in 96 kilometers from a town Gudauta. Auadkhara is a mountain and balneology health resort, the winter here is temperate soft with a steady snow-cover, and summer is temperate cool and damp. Prospecting well-boring was begun here in 1946. Over 30 natural outcrops of healing waters were discovered. Health resort Auadkhara is rich in carbonaceous mineral springs, which were revealed both in natural sources, and in holes too.
In 30 km. from town Sukhum between Novy Afon and Gudauta on the Black Sea shore is the village Primorskoe – balneotherapeutic health resort. Close to this village in 1937-1940 as a result of well-boring (160-260 m. of depth) was outcropped sulphuretted hydrogen sodium chloride water.
Sukhum mineral waters
Mineral springs, located nearby town Sukhum, are well-known since ancient times. The depth well-boring in Sukhum region was in 1955-1965y. Three mineral waterbearing stratums were outcropped in the village Basla (4 kilometers from Sukhum). At different depths were founded nitrogenated thermal water and two kinds of sulphuretted hydrogen water.
Markhiaul mineral water
Markhiaul mineral water outcrops in village Markhiaul which is located in Gulripsh region (9 kilometers to the east of Sukhum). Physical-chemical analysis presents that the Markhiaul mineral water is brackish hydrocarbonate natrium calcic magnesium water.
Atsgara and Sakian mineral waters
In north-east of Gulripsh region in southern mountainside of the Great Caucasus close to Azhara village are located a lot of outcrops of mineral springs. Atsgara is at a high of 1600m.above sea level in Valley of Atsgara River (90 km. from Sukhum). Atsgara mineral water by its chemistry belongs to the cold ferrous carbonate- hydrocarbonate-calcic-natrium type of mineral waters. Sakian mineral water outcrops in village Sakian, which is located at a high of 1500m.above sea level. The climate of mountain village Sakian is gently mild in winter and cool and dry in summer. Physicochemical characteristics of Sakian mineral water is similar to Atsgara mineral water.